[1823] - Monroe Doctrine enunciated in America

James Monroe, the fifth US President, is most famous for his proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine on 2 December 1823. It was a landmark US foreign policy that asserted that the United States would not accept the further colonization of the Americas by European countries, and that in turn the United States would not interfere in existing European colonies or in the internal affairs of European countries. First declared during a period in which a number of Central and South American countries were seeking independence from imperial Spain, its principal objective was to protect those colonies from European intervention. The doctrine came to be at the core of US foreign policy for the next two hundred years. President Monroe retired from office in 1825 and died in New York on 4 July 1831.

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